Episode 91 - Coercion and Its Fallout Book Club, pt 1

It’s time for the 3rd Annual ABA Inside Track book club. This year we’ll be discussing the late, great Murray Sidman’s important social work Coercion and Its Fallout. Rob, Diana, and Jackie go on a deep dive through chapters 1-10 of the book including a discussion of rat behavior, societal shocks, and a laundry list of the crummy ways in which society treats itself.

Book discussed this episode:

Sidman, M. (1989). Coercion and it’s fallout. Boston, MA: Authors Cooperative, Inc.

If you're interested in ordering CEs for listening to this episode, click here to go to the store page. You'll need to enter your name, BCBA #, and the two episode secret code words to complete the purchase. Email us at abainsidetrack@gmail.com for further assistance.

Episode 90 - Social Validity

We behavior analysts work hard, right? We effect behavior change for our clients and feel pretty darn good about our efforts. But what happens if our clients don’t actually like anything we’ve done? This week we’re talking all about social validity, how to make sure we’re paying attention to it, and why some BCBAs might be a bit wary about it.

Articles discussed this episode:

Wolf, M.M. (1978). Social validity: The case for subjective measurement or how applied behavior analysis is finding it’s heart. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 11, 203-214. doi: 10.1901/jaba.1978.11-203

Carr, J.E., Austin, J.L., Britton, L.N., Kellum, K.K., & Bailey, J.S. (1999). An assessment of social validity trends in applied behavior analysis. Behavioral Interventions, 14, 223-231. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1099-078X(199910/12)14:4<223::AID-BIN37>3.0.CO;2-Y

Hanley, G.P., Piazza, C.C., Fisher, W.W., & Maglieri, K.A. (2005). On the effectiveness of and preference for punishment and extinction components of function-based interventions. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 38, 51-65. doi: 10.1901/jaba.2005.6-04

Gabor, A.M., Fritz, J.N., Roath, C.T., Rothe, B.R., Gourley, D.A. (2016). Caregiver preference for reinforcement-based interventions for problem behavior maintained by positive reinforcement. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 49, 215-227. doi: 10.1002/jaba.286

If you're interested in ordering CEs for listening to this episode, click here to go to the store page. You'll need to enter your name, BCBA #, and the two episode secret code words to complete the purchase. Email us at abainsidetrack@gmail.com for further assistance.

July 2019 Preview

Summer may be heating up, but ABA Inside Track is staying cool with a remote guest from Iceland and our third annual book club (which we’ll pretend was recorded on a beach). This month, we discuss social validity, virtual reality training with special guests Dr. Berglind Sveinbjornsdottir and Dr. Casey Clay, and how coercive practices may be synonymous with nuclear war. All that and listener emails and our typical preview episode nonsense.

Articles for July 2019

Social Validity

Wolf, M.M. (1978). Social validity: The case for subjective measurement or how applied behavior analysis is finding it’s heart. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 11, 203-214. doi: 10.1901/jaba.1978.11-203

Carr, J.E., Austin, J.L., Britton, L.N., Kellum, K.K., & Bailey, J.S. (1999). An assessment of social validity trends in applied behavior analysis. Behavioral Interventions, 14, 223-231. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1099-078X(199910/12)14:4<223::AID-BIN37>3.0.CO;2-Y

Hanley, G.P., Piazza, C.C., Fisher, W.W., & Maglieri, K.A. (2005). On the effectiveness of and preference for punishment and extinction components of function-based interventions. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 38, 51-65. doi: 10.1901/jaba.2005.6-04

Gabor, A.M., Fritz, J.N., Roath, C.T., Rothe, B.R., Gourley, D.A. (2016). Caregiver preference for reinforcement-based interventions for problem behavior maintained by positive reinforcement. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 49, 215-227. doi: 10.1002/jaba.286

Virtual Reality Training w/ Dr. Berglind Sveinbjornsdottir + Dr. Casey Clay

Sveinbjornsdottir, B., Johannsson, S.H., Oddsdottir, J., Sigurdardottir, T.P., Valdimarsson, G.I., & Vilhajalmsson, H.H. (2019). Virtual discrete trial training for teacher trainees. Journal on Multimodal User Interfaces, 13, 31-40. doi: 10.1007/s12193-018-0288-9

Garland, K.V., Vasquez, E., & Pearl, C. (2012). Efficacy of individualized clinical coaching in a virtual reality classroom for increasing teachers’ fidelity of implementation of discrete trial teaching. Education and Training in Autism and Developmental Disabilities, 47, 502-515.

Coercion and It’s Fallout Book Club

Sidman, M. (1989). Coercion and it’s fallout. Boston, MA: Authors Cooperative, Inc.

(REBROADCAST) Episode 25 - Virtual Reality

From the archives:

If one were to enter the virtual world, could we really expect that person to come out the other side with great fire safety skills and a fearlessness about spiders?  Well, this week we discuss two articles that say, "Yes."  Featuring our very first call-in co-host, anecdotes galore about Rob's favorite video games, and more terrifying spider scenarios than you could shake a stick it.  Strap on those VR headsets and step into the next level of research-based entertainment.  And we never even mention that "Virtual Reality" song, because we refuse to make the easy references.  And we ran out of money to license it.

Articles discussed this episode:

Bouchard, S., Cote, S., St-Jacques, J., Robillard, G., & Renaud, P.   (2006).  Effectiveness of virtual reality exposure in the treatment of arachnophobia using 3D games.  Technology and Health Care, 14, 19-27.  

Padgett, L.S., Strickland, D., & Coles, C.D.  (2006).  Case study: Using a virtual reality computer game to teach fire safety skills to children diagnosed with fetal alcohol syndrome.  Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 31, 65-70.  doi: 10.1093/jpepsy/jsj030

And for the gravy:

Morina, N., Ijntema, H., Meyerbroker, K., & Emmelkamp, P.M.G.  (2015).  Can virtual reality exposure therapy gains be generalized to real-life? A meta-analysis of studies applying behavioral assessments.  Behaviour Research and Therapy, 74.  18-24.  doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2015.08.010

If you're interested in ordering CEs for listening to this episode, click here to go to the store page. You'll need to enter your name, BCBA #, and the two episode secret code words to complete the purchase. Email us at abainsidetrack@gmail.com for further assistance.

Episode 89 - Next-Level Chaining w/ Dr. Stacie Bancroft

Everybody loves the idea of teaching complex behaviors. Everybody loves teaching new skills efficiently. Is it always possible to do both? Dr. Stacie Bancroft joins us to explain how these two great goals can go great together. This ain’t your parents’ chaining procedure.

Articles discussed this episode:

Bancroft, S.L., Weiss, J.S., Libby, M.E., & Ahearn, W.H. (2011). A comparison of procedural variations in teaching behavior chains: Manual guidance, trainer completion, and no completion of untrained steps. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 44, 559-569. doi: 10.1901/jaba.2011.44-559

Slocum, S.K. & Tiger, J.H. (2011). An assessment of the efficiency of and child preference for forward and backward chaining. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 44, 793-805. doi: 10.1901/jaba.2011.44-793

Lambert, J.M., Copeland, B.A., Karp, E.L., Finley, C.I., .Houchins-Juarez, N.J., & Ledford, J.R. (2016). Chaining functional basketball sequences (with embedded conditional discriminations) in an adolescent with autism. Behavior Analysis in Practice, 9, 199-210. doi: 10.1007/s40617-016-0125-0

If you're interested in ordering CEs for listening to this episode, click here to go to the store page. You'll need to enter your name, BCBA #, and the two episode secret code words to complete the purchase. Email us at abainsidetrack@gmail.com for further assistance.

Episode 88 - (ETHICS) The Ethics of Telehealth

We all live in an interconnected, WiFi world. So shouldn’t our work as behavior analysts be the same? Telehealth provides an exciting means to share our science at a distance; however, if we’re not careful, who knows what ethical dilemmas using this technology might lead us into. Have no fear! Your pals at ABA Inside Track hit the books—well, research articles—to figure out some tactics for the ethical BCBA to follow instead.

Articles discussed this episode:

Peterson, S.M., Woodward, J., Crane, J,, & Garner, M. (2009). Teleconsultaiton in school settings: Linking classroom teachers and behavior analysts through web-based technology. Behavior Analysis in Practice,, 2, 32-39. doi: 10.1007/BF03391746

Machalicek, W., Lequia, J., Pinkelman, S., Knowles, C., Raulston, T., Davis, T., & Alresheed, F. (2016). Behavioral teleheatlh consultation with families of children with autism spectrum disorder. Behavioral Interventions, 31, 223-250. doi: 10.1002/bin.1450

Kaplan, B. & Litewka, S. (2008). Ethical challenges of telemedicine and telehealth. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics, 17, 401-416. doi: 10.1017/S0963180108080535

Hall, J.L. & McGraw, D. (2014). For telehealth to succeed, privacy and security risks must be identified and addressed. Health Affairs, 33, 216-221. doi: 10.1377/hlthaff.2013.0997

If you're interested in ordering CEs for listening to this episode, click here to go to the store page. You'll need to enter your name, BCBA #, and the two episode secret code words to complete the purchase. Email us at abainsidetrack@gmail.com for further assistance.

June 2019 Preview

Starting summer off right with journal articles! This month we get back into a discussion of ethical dilemmas with the use of telehealth and telemedicine before inviting Dr. Stacie Bancroft to share some advance chaining variations. Finally, while we all enjoy some time off, a look back into the archives with our classic episode on research related to virtual reality. Bonus: Rob’s award-winning writings are only marginally embarrassing to hear about.

Articles for June 2019

Episode 88 - Ethics of Telehealth

Peterson, S.M., Woodward, J., Crane, J,, & Garner, M. (2009). Teleconsultaiton in school settings: Linking classroom teachers and behavior analysts through web-based technology. Behavior Analysis in Practice,, 2, 32-39. doi: 10.1007/BF03391746

Machalicek, W., Lequia, J., Pinkelman, S., Knowles, C., Raulston, T., Davis, T., & Alresheed, F. (2016). Behavioral teleheatlh consultation with families of children with autism spectrum disorder. Behavioral Interventions, 31, 223-250. doi: 10.1002/bin.1450

Kaplan, B. & Litewka, S. (2008). Ethical challenges of telemedicine and telehealth. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics, 17, 401-416. doi: 10.1017/S0963180108080535

Hall, J.L. & McGraw, D. (2014). For telehealth to succeed, privacy and security risks must be identified and addressed. Health Affairs, 33, 216-221. doi: 10.1377/hlthaff.2013.0997

Episode 89 - Next-Level Chaining w/ Dr. Stacie Bancroft

Bancroft, S.L., Weiss, J.S., Libby, M.E., & Ahearn, W.H. (2011). A comparison of procedural variations in teaching behavior chains: Manual guidance, trainer completion, and no completion of untrained steps. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 44, 559-569. doi: 10.1901/jaba.2011.44-559

Slocum, S.K. & Tiger, J.H. (2011). An assessment of the efficiency of and child preference for forward and backward chaining. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 44, 793-805. doi: 10.1901/jaba.2011.44-793

Lambert, J.M., Copeland, B.A., Karp, E.L., Finley, C.I., .Houchins-Juarez, N.J., & Ledford, J.R. (2016). Chaining functional basketball sequences (with embedded conditional discriminations) in an adolescent with autism. Behavior Analysis in Practice, 9, 199-210. doi: 10.1007/s40617-016-0125-0

(REBROADCAST) Episode 25 - Virtual Reality

Bouchard, S., Cote, S., St-Jacques, J., Robillard, G., & Renaud, P.   (2006).  Effectiveness of virtual reality exposure in the treatment of arachnophobia using 3D games.  Technology and Health Care, 14, 19-27.  

Padgett, L.S., Strickland, D., & Coles, C.D.  (2006).  Case study: Using a virtual reality computer game to teach fire safety skills to children diagnosed with fetal alcohol syndrome.  Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 31, 65-70.  doi: 10.1093/jpepsy/jsj030

Morina, N., Ijntema, H., Meyerbroker, K., & Emmelkamp, P.M.G.  (2015).  Can virtual reality exposure therapy gains be generalized to real-life? A meta-analysis of studies applying behavioral assessments.  Behaviour Research and Therapy, 74.  18-24.  doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2015.08.010

Episode 87 - High-P/Low-P Sequence

We wind down “It’s Gonna Be MAY” with a final topic that none of us have actually conducted research in but we think the field needs to know more about. Remember how we talked about behavioral momentum last week? Remember how “your BCBA friend” referred to the high-p/low-p sequence as an example of behavioral momentum. Well, THEY’RE USING THAT TERM WRONG!!! Find out why and how to avoid ever making that mistake again. Think of this episode as a public service announcement.

Articles discussed this episode:

Mace, F.C., Hock, M.L., Lalli, J.S., West, B.J., Belfiore, P., Pinter, E., & Brown, D.K.  (1988). Behavioral momentum in the treatment of noncompliance. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 21, 123-141.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.1988.21-123

Normand, M.P., Kestner, K., & Jessel, J.  (2010). An analysis of stimuli that influence compliance during the high-probability instruction sequence.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 43, 735-738.  doi; 10.1901/jaba.2010.43-735

Lipschultz, J. & Wilder, D.A.  (2017). Recent research on the high-probability instructional sequence: A brief review.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 50, 424-428.  doi: 10.1002/jaba.378

Zuluaga, C.A. & Normand, M.P.  (2008). An evaluation of the high-probability instruction sequence with and without programmed reinforcement for compliance with high-probability instructions.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 41, 453-457.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.2008.41-453

Nevin, J.A.  (1996). The momentum of compliance.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 29, 535-547.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.1996.29-535

If you're interested in ordering CEs for listening to this episode, click here to go to the store page. You'll need to enter your name, BCBA #, and the two episode secret code words to complete the purchase. Email us at abainsidetrack@gmail.com for further assistance.

Episode 86 - Behavioral Momentum w/ Dr. Bill Ahearn, Dr. Diana Parry-Cruwys, and Dr. Jackie MacDonald

This week, we welcome returning guest, Dr. Bill Ahearn, to share in the “Gonna Be May” fun to discuss research related to behavioral momentum. And, in a behavior analytic podcast first, we discuss research with not one, not two, but three article authors! Remember, listeners, don’t be scared of the behavioral momentum metaphor: Dr. Ahearn has faith in your abilities to understand it.

Articles discussed this episode:

MacDonald, J.M., Ahearn, W.H., Parry-Cruwys, D., Bancroft, S., & Dube, W.V.  (2013). Persistence during extinction: Examining the effects of continuous and intermittent reinforcement on problem behavior.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 46, 333-338.  doi: 10.1002/jaba.3  

Parry-Cruwys, D.E., Neal, C.M., Ahearn, W.H., Wheeler, E.E., Premchander, R., Loeb, M.B., & Dube, W.V. (2011). Resistance to disruption in a classroom setting. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 44, 363-367.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.2011.44-363

Ahearn, W.H., Clark, K.M., Gardenier, N.C., Chung, B.I., & Dube, W.V. (2003). Persistence of stereotypic behavior: Examining the effects of external reinforcers. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 36, 439-448. doi: 10.1901/jaba.2003.36-439

Nevin, J.A., Mandell, C., & Atak, J.R.  (1983). The analysis of behavioral momentum.  Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 39, 49-59.  doi: 10.1901/jeab.1983.39-49  

Nevin, J.A.  (1996). The momentum of compliance.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 29, 535-547.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.1996.29-535

If you're interested in ordering CEs for listening to this episode, click here to go to the store page. You'll need to enter your name, BCBA #, and the two episode secret code words to complete the purchase. Email us at abainsidetrack@gmail.com for further assistance.

Episode 85 - Observational Learning w/ Dr. Jackie MacDonald

The topics for “It’s Gonna Be May” keep on a-comin’ with Jackie’s award-winning work in observational learning research. Sure, we discuss some other articles about how important learning just by watching other people can be, but Jackie spends most of the episode thrilling us with tales of gluing toy boulders into trucks and the Cookie Man. Research sure sounds hard.

Articles discussed this episode:

MacDonald, J. & Ahearn, W.H.  (2015). Teaching observational learning to children with autism.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 48, 800-816.  doi:  10.1002/jaba.257

DeQuinzio, J.A. & Taylor, B.A.  (2015). Teaching children with autism to discriminate the reinforced and nonreinforced responses of others:  Implications for observational learning. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 48, 38-51.  doi: 10.1002/jaba.192

Townley-Cochran, D., Leaf, J.B., Taubman, M., Leaf, R., & McEachin, J.  (2015). Observational learning for students diagnosed with autism: A review paper.  Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2, 262-272.  doi: 10.1007/s40489-015-0050-0

If you're interested in ordering CEs for listening to this episode, click here to go to the store page. You'll need to enter your name, BCBA #, and the two episode secret code words to complete the purchase. Email us at abainsidetrack@gmail.com for further assistance.