July 2019 Preview

Summer may be heating up, but ABA Inside Track is staying cool with a remote guest from Iceland and our third annual book club (which we’ll pretend was recorded on a beach). This month, we discuss social validity, virtual reality training with special guests Dr. Berglind Sveinbjornsdottir and Dr. Casey Clay, and how coercive practices may be synonymous with nuclear war. All that and listener emails and our typical preview episode nonsense.

Articles for July 2019

Social Validity

Wolf, M.M. (1978). Social validity: The case for subjective measurement or how applied behavior analysis is finding it’s heart. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 11, 203-214. doi: 10.1901/jaba.1978.11-203

Carr, J.E., Austin, J.L., Britton, L.N., Kellum, K.K., & Bailey, J.S. (1999). An assessment of social validity trends in applied behavior analysis. Behavioral Interventions, 14, 223-231. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1099-078X(199910/12)14:4<223::AID-BIN37>3.0.CO;2-Y

Hanley, G.P., Piazza, C.C., Fisher, W.W., & Maglieri, K.A. (2005). On the effectiveness of and preference for punishment and extinction components of function-based interventions. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 38, 51-65. doi: 10.1901/jaba.2005.6-04

Gabor, A.M., Fritz, J.N., Roath, C.T., Rothe, B.R., Gourley, D.A. (2016). Caregiver preference for reinforcement-based interventions for problem behavior maintained by positive reinforcement. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 49, 215-227. doi: 10.1002/jaba.286

Virtual Reality Training w/ Dr. Berglind Sveinbjornsdottir + Dr. Casey Clay

Sveinbjornsdottir, B., Johannsson, S.H., Oddsdottir, J., Sigurdardottir, T.P., Valdimarsson, G.I., & Vilhajalmsson, H.H. (2019). Virtual discrete trial training for teacher trainees. Journal on Multimodal User Interfaces, 13, 31-40. doi: 10.1007/s12193-018-0288-9

Garland, K.V., Vasquez, E., & Pearl, C. (2012). Efficacy of individualized clinical coaching in a virtual reality classroom for increasing teachers’ fidelity of implementation of discrete trial teaching. Education and Training in Autism and Developmental Disabilities, 47, 502-515.

Coercion and It’s Fallout Book Club

Sidman, M. (1989). Coercion and it’s fallout. Boston, MA: Authors Cooperative, Inc.

June 2019 Preview

Starting summer off right with journal articles! This month we get back into a discussion of ethical dilemmas with the use of telehealth and telemedicine before inviting Dr. Stacie Bancroft to share some advance chaining variations. Finally, while we all enjoy some time off, a look back into the archives with our classic episode on research related to virtual reality. Bonus: Rob’s award-winning writings are only marginally embarrassing to hear about.

Articles for June 2019

Episode 88 - Ethics of Telehealth

Peterson, S.M., Woodward, J., Crane, J,, & Garner, M. (2009). Teleconsultaiton in school settings: Linking classroom teachers and behavior analysts through web-based technology. Behavior Analysis in Practice,, 2, 32-39. doi: 10.1007/BF03391746

Machalicek, W., Lequia, J., Pinkelman, S., Knowles, C., Raulston, T., Davis, T., & Alresheed, F. (2016). Behavioral teleheatlh consultation with families of children with autism spectrum disorder. Behavioral Interventions, 31, 223-250. doi: 10.1002/bin.1450

Kaplan, B. & Litewka, S. (2008). Ethical challenges of telemedicine and telehealth. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics, 17, 401-416. doi: 10.1017/S0963180108080535

Hall, J.L. & McGraw, D. (2014). For telehealth to succeed, privacy and security risks must be identified and addressed. Health Affairs, 33, 216-221. doi: 10.1377/hlthaff.2013.0997

Episode 89 - Next-Level Chaining w/ Dr. Stacie Bancroft

Bancroft, S.L., Weiss, J.S., Libby, M.E., & Ahearn, W.H. (2011). A comparison of procedural variations in teaching behavior chains: Manual guidance, trainer completion, and no completion of untrained steps. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 44, 559-569. doi: 10.1901/jaba.2011.44-559

Slocum, S.K. & Tiger, J.H. (2011). An assessment of the efficiency of and child preference for forward and backward chaining. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 44, 793-805. doi: 10.1901/jaba.2011.44-793

Lambert, J.M., Copeland, B.A., Karp, E.L., Finley, C.I., .Houchins-Juarez, N.J., & Ledford, J.R. (2016). Chaining functional basketball sequences (with embedded conditional discriminations) in an adolescent with autism. Behavior Analysis in Practice, 9, 199-210. doi: 10.1007/s40617-016-0125-0

(REBROADCAST) Episode 25 - Virtual Reality

Bouchard, S., Cote, S., St-Jacques, J., Robillard, G., & Renaud, P.   (2006).  Effectiveness of virtual reality exposure in the treatment of arachnophobia using 3D games.  Technology and Health Care, 14, 19-27.  

Padgett, L.S., Strickland, D., & Coles, C.D.  (2006).  Case study: Using a virtual reality computer game to teach fire safety skills to children diagnosed with fetal alcohol syndrome.  Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 31, 65-70.  doi: 10.1093/jpepsy/jsj030

Morina, N., Ijntema, H., Meyerbroker, K., & Emmelkamp, P.M.G.  (2015).  Can virtual reality exposure therapy gains be generalized to real-life? A meta-analysis of studies applying behavioral assessments.  Behaviour Research and Therapy, 74.  18-24.  doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2015.08.010

May 2019 Preview

It’s gonna be MAAAAY! Technically, it’s May right now. And, in honor of May, all our episodes will be about ME! Well, about Diana and Jackie, to be exact. This month, we’ll be discussing research articles actually written by our dynamic doctor duo . There’s even an article that they wrote together. Plus, we finally dish out the answer to the question you’ve all been asking: What’s the difference between behavioral momentum and the high-p/low-p sequence? I mean, you might not be asking it overtly, but it’s at least a commonly occurring private event.

NOTE: Sorry about our busted audio this month. It was either use the poor quality back-up or a loud buzzing sound every 5 seconds. We’ll be back to normal next week.

Articles for May 2019


MacDonald, R., Parry-Cruwys, D., Dupere, S., & Ahearn, W.  (2014). Assessing progress and outcome of early intensive behavioral intervention for toddlers with autism.  Research in Developmental Disabilities, 35, 3632-3644.  doi: 10.1016/j.ridd.2014.08.036

Schreiman, L., Dawson, G., Stahmer, A.C., Landa, R., Rogers, S.J., McGee, G.G., Kasari, C., Ingersoll, B., Kaiser, A.P., Brinsma, Y., McNerney, E., Wetherby, A., & Halladay, A.  (2015). Naturalistic developmental behavioral interventions: Empirically validated treatments for autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 45, 2411-2428.  doi: 10.1007/s10803-015-2407-8

Howard, J.S., Sparkman, C.R., Cohen, H.G., Green, G., & Stanislaw, H.  (2005). A comparison of intensive behavior analytic and eclectic treatments for young children with autism.  Research in Developmental Disabilities, 26, 359-383.  doi: 10.1016/j.ridd.2004.09.005

Observational Learning

MacDonald, J. & Ahearn, W.H.  (2015). Teaching observational learning to children with autism.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 48, 800-816.  doi:  10.1002/jaba.257

DeQuinzio, J.A. & Taylor, B.A.  (2015). Teaching children with autism to discriminate the reinforced and nonreinforced responses of others:  Implications for observational learning. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 48, 38-51.  doi: 10.1002/jaba.192

Townley-Cochran, D., Leaf, J.B., Taubman, M., Leaf, R., & McEachin, J.  (2015). Observational learning for students diagnosed with autism: A review paper.  Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2, 262-272.  doi: 10.1007/s40489-015-0050-0

Behavioral Momentum

MacDonald, J.M., Ahearn, W.H., Parry-Cruwys, D., Bancroft, S., & Dube, W.V.  (2013). Persistence during extinction: Examining the effects of continuous and intermittent reinforcement on problem behavior.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 46, 333-338.  doi: 10.1002/jaba.3  

Parry-Cruwys, D.E., Neal, C.M., Ahearn, W.H., Wheeler, E.E., Premchander, R., Loeb, M.B., & Dube, W.V.  (2011). Resistance to disruption in a classroom setting. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 44, 363-367.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.2011.44-363

Nevin, J.A., Mandell, C., & Atak, J.R.  (1983). The analysis of behavioral momentum.  Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 39, 49-59.  doi: 10.1901/jeab.1983.39-49  

Nevin, J.A.  (1996). The momentum of compliance.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 29, 535-547.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.1996.29-535

High-P/Low-P Sequence

Mace, F.C., Hock, M.L., Lalli, J.S., West, B.J., Belfiore, P., Pinter, E., & Brown, D.K.  (1988). Behavioral momentum in the treatment of noncompliance. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 21, 123-141.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.1988.21-123

Normand, M.P., Kestner, K., & Jessel, J.  (2010). An analysis of stimuli that influence compliance during the high-probability instruction sequence.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 43, 735-738.  doi; 10.1901/jaba.2010.43-735

Lipschultz, J. & Wilder, D.A.  (2017). Recent research on the high-probability instructional sequence: A brief review.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 50, 424-428.  doi: 10.1002/jaba.378

Zuluaga, C.A. & Normand, M.P.  (2008). An evaluation of the high-probability instruction sequence with and without programmed reinforcement for compliance with high-probability instructions.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 41, 453-457.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.2008.41-453

Nevin, J.A.  (1996). The momentum of compliance.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 29, 535-547.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.1996.29-535

April 2019 Preview

Spring has sprung here at ABA Inside Track and a new garden of topics have grown into this months trio of podcasts. First, we take a look at what goes into making healthy food choices and how a space opera might be the key to battling obesity. Then we meet with special guest, Dr. Rocio Rosales, to discuss how to train individuals with ASD to improve job interview skills. Finally, we pull out the ol’ grab bag for another round of dog articles, good behavior games, and concurrent operant assessments.

Don’t forget, to celebrate Autism Awareness Month, all throughout April, a portion of proceeds from CE processing fees will be donated to the New England Center for Children, a globally acknowledged school for individuals with autism and a home of research and training in the field of behavior analysis. Pick up some CEs and donate to a worthy cause. It’s win-win!

Looking for exciting and educational behavior analytic conferences where you might run into ABA Inside Track hosts? Then don’t forget to check out the upcoming APBA Convention in Atlanta, GA on April 11-13, the BABAT Social in Natick, MA on April 25th (with guest speaker Diana!), and the ABAI Convention in Chicago, IL on May 23-27. Drop by and say “hi”.

Articles for April 2019:

Healthy Food

Stark, L.J., Collins, Jr., F.L., Osnes, P.G., & Stokes, T.F. (1986). Using reinforcement and cueing to increase healthy snack food choices in preschoolers. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 19, 367-379. doi: 10.1901/jaba.1986.19-367

Zonneveld, K.L.M., Neidert, P.L., Dozier, C.L, Gureghian, D.L., & Bayles, M.W. (2019). Assessing factors that influence young children’s food preferences and choices. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 52, 240-257. doi: 10.1002/jaba.521

Jones, B.A., Madden, J.G., Wengreen, H.J., Aguilar, S.S., Desjardins, E.A. (2014). Gamification of dietary decision-making in an elementary-school cafeteria. PLoS ONE, 9, e93872. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0093872

Interview Skills

O’Neill, J. & Rehfeldt, R.A. (2017). Computerized behavioral skills training with selection-based instruction and lag reinforcement schedules for responses to interview questions. Behavior Analysis: Research and Practice, 17, 42-54. doi: 10.1037/bar0000043

Smith, M.J., Ginger, E.J., Wright, K., Wright, M.A., Taylor, J.L., Humm, L.B., Olsen, D.E., Bell, M.D., & Fleming, M.F. (2014). Virtual reality job interview training in adults with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 44, 2450-2463. doi: 10.1007/s10803-014-2113-y

Stocco, C.S., Thompson, R.H., Hart, J.M., & Soriano, H.L. (2017). Improving the interview skills of college students using behavioral skills training. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 50, 495-510. doi: 10.1002/jaba.385

Rosales, R. & Whitlow, H. (2019). A component analysis of job interview training for young adults with autism spectrum disorder. Behavioral Interventions, 1-16. doi: 10.1002/bin.1658

Grab Bag VII

Robinson, E.S., Desrochers, M., & Napolitano, D.A. (2019). Concurrent operant preference assessment to identify social consequences to decrease task latency for adolescents with dual diagnosis. Behavioral Interventions, 34, 52-61. doi: 10.1002/bin.1648

Groves, E.A. & Austin, J.L. (2019). Does the good behavior game evoke negative peer pressure? Analyses in primary and secondary classrooms. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 52, 3-16. doi: 10.1002/jaba.513

Tyner, S., Brewer, A., Helman, M., Leon, Y., Pritchard, J., & Schulnd, M. (2016). Nice doggie! Contact desensitization plue reinforcement decreases dog phobias for children with autism. Behavior Analysis in Practice, 9, 54-57. doi: 10.1007/s40617-016-0113-4

March 2019 Preview

It’s another exciting month here at ABA Inside Track. Not only do we have two amazing guests lined up to review their research, but we also have a recording from one of our recent live shows. But, before all of that, we review some follow-up from last month’s episodes in errata and take a few moments to celebrate our THIRD YEAR of podcasting!

Interested in applying for a job in an area in desperate need for ABA services? Autism Compassion Africa is looking to expand their team. Check out the posting here for more information. And feel free to listen to our interview with co-founder Whitney Hammel to learn more about ACA

Articles for February 2019

Should Behavior Analysis Use Social Thinking? w/ Dr. Justin Leaf

Leaf, J.B., Townley-Cochran, D., Taubman, M., Cihon, J.H., Oppenheim-Leaf, M.L., Kassardjian, A., Leaf, R., McEachin, J., & Pentz, T.G. (2015). The teaching interaction procedure and behavioral skills training for individuals diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder: a Review and commentary. Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2, 402-413. doi: 10.1007/s40489-015-0060-y

Leaf, J.B., Kassardjian, A., Oppenheim-Leaf, M.L, Cihon, J.H., Taubman, M., Leaf, R., & McEachin, J. (2016). Social Thinking: Science, pseudoscience, or antiscience? Behavior Analysis in Practice, 9, 152-157. doi: 10.1007/s40617-016-0108-1

Leaf, J.B., Kassardjian, A., Oppenheim-Leaf, M.L., Cihon, J.H., Taubman, M., Leaf, R., & McEachin, J. (2016). Erratum to: Social Thinking: Science, pseudoscience, or antiscience? Behavior Analysis in Practice, 9, 158-159. doi: 10.1007/s40617-016-0119-y

Crooke, P.J. & Winner, M.G. (2016). Social Thinking methodology: Evidence-based or empirically supported? A response to Leaf et al. (2016). Behavior Analysis in Practice, 9, 403-408. doi: 10.1007/s40617-016-0151-y

Crooke, P.J., Hendrix, R.E., & Rachman, J.Y. (2008). Brief report: Measuring the effectiveness of teaching Social Thinking to children with Asperger syndrom (AS) and high functioning autism (HFA). Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 38, 581-591. doi: 10.1007/s10803-007-0466-1

Teaching Tacts at TACT (LIVE)

Carroll, R.J., & Hesse, B.E. (1987). The effects of alternating mand and tact training on the acquisition of tacts. The Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 5, 55-65. PMCID: PMC2748455

Kodak, T. & Clements, A. (2009). Acquisition of mands and tacts with concurrent echoic training. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 42, 839-843. doi: 10.1901/jaba.2009.42-839

Arntzen, E. & Almas, I.K. (2002). Effects of mand-tact versus tact-only training on the acquisition of tacts. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 35, 419-422. doi: 10.1901/jaba.2002.35-419

Instructive Feedback w/ Dr. Jason Vladescu

Vladescu, J.C. & Kodak, T.M. (2013). Increasing instructional efficiency by presenting additional stimuli in learning trials for children with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 46, 805-816. doi: 10.1002/jaba.70

Haq, S.S., Zemantic, P.K., Kodak, T., LeBlanc,B., & Ruppert, T.E. (2017). Examination of variables that affect the efficacy of instructive feedback. Behavioral Interventions, 32, 206-216. doi: 10.1002/bin.1470

Dass, T.K., Kisamore, A.N., Vladescu, J.C., Reeve, K.F., Reeve, S.A., & Taylor-Santa, C. (2018). Teaching children with autism spectrum disorder to tact olfactory stimuli. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 51, 538-552. doi: 10.1002/jaba.470

February 2019 Preview

While it might be the shortest month of the year, ABA Inside Track is running long on exciting content. Switching up our preview format a bit, we’re here to tell you everything coming up in the ENTIRE MONTH! That’s right: Three full-length episodes in a row! We’ll be talking about acceptance and commitment training with our special guest, Dr. Adam Hahs, before discussing two outside-of-the-box topics with gamification and public speaking. Rob’s hours of editing behavior analytic journal review is your gain!

Also, if you’re looking for a fun conference in leadership, tickets are now available for the Behavior Analyst Leadership Conference (BALC), coming to Connecticut at the end of March!

*Note: Due to a camera SNAFU, we’re audio only this month. We’ll have our video back up for the next preview. Sorry about that!

Articles for February 2019:

Acceptance and Commitment Training

Harris, R. (2006). Embracing your demons: an Overview of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy. Psychotherapy in Australia, 12, 2-8.

Gould, E.R., Tarbox, J., & Coyne, L. (2018). Evaluating the effects of Acceptance and Commitment Training on the overt behavior of parents of children with autism. Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science, 7, 81-88. doi: 10.1016/j.jcbs.2017.06.003

Hahs, A.D., Dixon, M.R., & Paliliunas, D. (in press). Randomized controlled trial of a brief acceptance and commitment training for parents of individuals diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science. doi: 10.1016/j.jcbs.2018.03.002


Morford, Z.H., Witts, B.N., Killingsworth, K.J., & Alavosius, M.P. (2014). Gamification: The intersection between behavior analysis and game design technologies. The Behavior Analyst, 37, 25-40. doi: 10.1007/s40614-014-0006-1

Sailer, M., Hense, J.U., Mayr, S.K., & Mandi, H. (2017). How gamification motivates: An experimental study of the effects of specific game design elements on psychological need satisfaction. Computers in Human Behavior, 69, 371-380. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2016.12.033

Hamari, J., Koivisto, & Sarsa, H. (2014). Does Gamification Work? A literature review of empirical studies on gamification. Proceedings of the Annual Hawaii International Conference on Systems Sciences. doi: 10.1109/HICSS.2014.377

Fogel, V.A., Miltenberger, R.G., Graves, R., & Koehler, S. (2010). The effects of exergaming on physical activity among inactive children in a physical education classroom. Journal of Applied Behavior Anlaysis, 43, 591-600. doi: 10.1901/jaba.2010.43-591

Public Speaking

Friman, P.C. (2014). Behavior analysts to the front! A 15-step tutorial on public speaking. The Behavior Analyst, 37, 109-118. doi: 10.1007/s40614-014-0009-y

Fawcett, S.B. & Miller, L.K. (1975). Training public-speaking behavior: An experimental analysis and social validation. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 8, 125-135. doi: 10.1901/jaba.1975.8-125

Black, E.L. & Martin. G.L. (1980). A component analysis of public-speaking behaviors across individuals and behavioral categories. Communication Education, 29, 273-282. doi: 10.1080/03634528009378425