Episode 86 - Behavioral Momentum w/ Dr. Bill Ahearn, Dr. Diana Parry-Cruwys, and Dr. Jackie MacDonald

This week, we welcome returning guest, Dr. Bill Ahearn, to share in the “Gonna Be May” fun to discuss research related to behavioral momentum. And, in a behavior analytic podcast first, we discuss research with not one, not two, but three article authors! Remember, listeners, don’t be scared of the behavioral momentum metaphor: Dr. Ahearn has faith in your abilities to understand it.

Articles discussed this episode:

MacDonald, J.M., Ahearn, W.H., Parry-Cruwys, D., Bancroft, S., & Dube, W.V.  (2013). Persistence during extinction: Examining the effects of continuous and intermittent reinforcement on problem behavior.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 46, 333-338.  doi: 10.1002/jaba.3  

Parry-Cruwys, D.E., Neal, C.M., Ahearn, W.H., Wheeler, E.E., Premchander, R., Loeb, M.B., & Dube, W.V. (2011). Resistance to disruption in a classroom setting. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 44, 363-367.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.2011.44-363

Ahearn, W.H., Clark, K.M., Gardenier, N.C., Chung, B.I., & Dube, W.V. (2003). Persistence of stereotypic behavior: Examining the effects of external reinforcers. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 36, 439-448. doi: 10.1901/jaba.2003.36-439

Nevin, J.A., Mandell, C., & Atak, J.R.  (1983). The analysis of behavioral momentum.  Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 39, 49-59.  doi: 10.1901/jeab.1983.39-49  

Nevin, J.A.  (1996). The momentum of compliance.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 29, 535-547.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.1996.29-535

If you're interested in ordering CEs for listening to this episode, click here to go to the store page. You'll need to enter your name, BCBA #, and the two episode secret code words to complete the purchase. Email us at abainsidetrack@gmail.com for further assistance.

May 2019 Preview

It’s gonna be MAAAAY! Technically, it’s May right now. And, in honor of May, all our episodes will be about ME! Well, about Diana and Jackie, to be exact. This month, we’ll be discussing research articles actually written by our dynamic doctor duo . There’s even an article that they wrote together. Plus, we finally dish out the answer to the question you’ve all been asking: What’s the difference between behavioral momentum and the high-p/low-p sequence? I mean, you might not be asking it overtly, but it’s at least a commonly occurring private event.

NOTE: Sorry about our busted audio this month. It was either use the poor quality back-up or a loud buzzing sound every 5 seconds. We’ll be back to normal next week.

Articles for May 2019

EIBI

MacDonald, R., Parry-Cruwys, D., Dupere, S., & Ahearn, W.  (2014). Assessing progress and outcome of early intensive behavioral intervention for toddlers with autism.  Research in Developmental Disabilities, 35, 3632-3644.  doi: 10.1016/j.ridd.2014.08.036

Schreiman, L., Dawson, G., Stahmer, A.C., Landa, R., Rogers, S.J., McGee, G.G., Kasari, C., Ingersoll, B., Kaiser, A.P., Brinsma, Y., McNerney, E., Wetherby, A., & Halladay, A.  (2015). Naturalistic developmental behavioral interventions: Empirically validated treatments for autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 45, 2411-2428.  doi: 10.1007/s10803-015-2407-8

Howard, J.S., Sparkman, C.R., Cohen, H.G., Green, G., & Stanislaw, H.  (2005). A comparison of intensive behavior analytic and eclectic treatments for young children with autism.  Research in Developmental Disabilities, 26, 359-383.  doi: 10.1016/j.ridd.2004.09.005

Observational Learning

MacDonald, J. & Ahearn, W.H.  (2015). Teaching observational learning to children with autism.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 48, 800-816.  doi:  10.1002/jaba.257

DeQuinzio, J.A. & Taylor, B.A.  (2015). Teaching children with autism to discriminate the reinforced and nonreinforced responses of others:  Implications for observational learning. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 48, 38-51.  doi: 10.1002/jaba.192

Townley-Cochran, D., Leaf, J.B., Taubman, M., Leaf, R., & McEachin, J.  (2015). Observational learning for students diagnosed with autism: A review paper.  Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2, 262-272.  doi: 10.1007/s40489-015-0050-0


Behavioral Momentum

MacDonald, J.M., Ahearn, W.H., Parry-Cruwys, D., Bancroft, S., & Dube, W.V.  (2013). Persistence during extinction: Examining the effects of continuous and intermittent reinforcement on problem behavior.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 46, 333-338.  doi: 10.1002/jaba.3  

Parry-Cruwys, D.E., Neal, C.M., Ahearn, W.H., Wheeler, E.E., Premchander, R., Loeb, M.B., & Dube, W.V.  (2011). Resistance to disruption in a classroom setting. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 44, 363-367.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.2011.44-363

Nevin, J.A., Mandell, C., & Atak, J.R.  (1983). The analysis of behavioral momentum.  Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 39, 49-59.  doi: 10.1901/jeab.1983.39-49  

Nevin, J.A.  (1996). The momentum of compliance.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 29, 535-547.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.1996.29-535

High-P/Low-P Sequence

Mace, F.C., Hock, M.L., Lalli, J.S., West, B.J., Belfiore, P., Pinter, E., & Brown, D.K.  (1988). Behavioral momentum in the treatment of noncompliance. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 21, 123-141.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.1988.21-123

Normand, M.P., Kestner, K., & Jessel, J.  (2010). An analysis of stimuli that influence compliance during the high-probability instruction sequence.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 43, 735-738.  doi; 10.1901/jaba.2010.43-735

Lipschultz, J. & Wilder, D.A.  (2017). Recent research on the high-probability instructional sequence: A brief review.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 50, 424-428.  doi: 10.1002/jaba.378

Zuluaga, C.A. & Normand, M.P.  (2008). An evaluation of the high-probability instruction sequence with and without programmed reinforcement for compliance with high-probability instructions.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 41, 453-457.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.2008.41-453

Nevin, J.A.  (1996). The momentum of compliance.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 29, 535-547.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.1996.29-535

Episode 44 - Feeding

While responding to challenges related to feeding isn't easy, aren't there set treatments that can be implemented to overcome any problem? Well....yes and no.  While you ponder that mystery, enjoy this discussion of recent research related to a few of the common food refusal treatments including escape extinction, stimulus fading, and DRA.  Be sure to listen all the way to the end for the terrifying twist ending!!

Articles discussed this episode:

Patel, M.R., Piazza, C.C., Martinez, C.J., Volkert, V.M., & Santana, C.M.  (2002).  An evaluation of two differential reinforcement procedures with escape extinction to treat food refusal.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 35, 363-374.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.2002.35-363

Mueller, M.M., Piazza, C.C., Patel, M.R., Kelley, M.E., & Pruett, A.  (2004).  Increasing variety of foods consumed by blending nonpreferred foods into preferred foods.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 37, 159-170.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.2004/37-159

Valdimarsdottir, H., Hallodorsdottir, L.Y., & Sigurdardardottir, Z.G.  (2010).  Increasing the variety of foods consumed by a picky eater: Generalization of effects across caregivers and settings.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 43, 101-105.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.2010.43-101

If you're interested in ordering CEs for listening to this episode, click here to go to the store page. You'll need to enter your name, BCBA #, and the two episode secret code words to complete the purchase. Email us at abainsidetrack@gmail.com for further assistance.

Episode 20 - Noncontingent Reinforcement

Because noncontingent reinforcement goes beyond constant access to a bag of M+Ms, we bring you this, the latest episode of ABA Inside Track.  Jackie and Rob are ready to meet your response-independent schedule needs, especially if those needs include a synopsis of the Hugga Bunch movie.  Diana reviews NCR schedules, from dense to lean and everything in between, though expresses a preference for dense when candy is involved.  Finally, a heated discussion ensues regarding extinction as a ruiner of contingency marriages.  Listen closely: this episode is chock-full of putative possibilities.

Articles discussed this episode:

Hagopian, L.P., Fisher, W.W., & Legacy, S.M.  (1994).  Schedule effects of noncontingent reinforcement on attention-maintained destructive behavior in identical quadruplets.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 27, 317-325.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.1994.27-317

Wallce, M.D., Iwata, B.A., Hanley, G.P., Thompson, R.H., & Roscoe, E.M.  (2012).  Noncontingent reinforcement: A further examination of schedule effects during treatment.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 45, 709-719.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.2012.45-709

If you're interested in ordering CEs for listening to this episode, click here to go to the store page. You'll need to enter your name, BCBA #, and the two episode secret code words to complete the purchase. Email us at abainsidetrack@gmail.com for further assistance.

Episode 20 Preview

Next week, we're talking about the somewhat misunderstood treatment: non-contingent reinforcement.  And before we even get into the topic, Jackie gets belligerent.  So you know it'll be a good episode.

Then, in errata, we review updates to the professional and ethical compliance code for behavior analysts in relation to reporting public health- and safety-related fines or tickets to the BACB.  Let's hope none of our hypothetical scenarios every come to pass!

Articles for next week:

Hagopian, L.P., Fisher, W.W., & Legacy, S.M.  (1994).  Schedule effects of noncontingent reinforcement on attention-maintained destructive behavior in identical quadruplets.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 27, 317-325.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.1994.27-317

Wallce, M.D., Iwata, B.A., Hanley, G.P., Thompson, R.H., & Roscoe, E.M.  (2012).  Noncontingent reinforcement: A further examination of schedule effects during treatment.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 45, 709-719.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.2012.45-709

Episode 18 - Challenging Behavior From Point A to Point B

Did you ever notice how hard it is to get from place to place? Is it the fact that your new location just isn't as much fun as your starting point? Is it that dawdling is its own reward? Or could it be some sort of existential crisis concerning the movement of your body through space and time as we all hurtle through space towards total entropy? This week we talk about challenging behavior around transitioning from place to place.  We review a classic analysis of the function of SIB during transitions and get a glimpse into how our new computer overlords will make us all more efficient students as we move about the classroom.  Invariably we wander from tangent to tangent: our favorite transition of all!

Articles discussed this episode:

McCord, B.E. & Thomson, R.J (2001).  Functional analysis and treatment of self-injury associated with transitions.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 34, 195-210.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.2001.34-195

Hine, J.F., Ardoin, S.P., & Foster, T.E. (2015).  Decreasing transition times in elementary school classrooms: Using computer-assisted instruction to automate intervention components.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 48, 495-510.  doi: 10.1002/jaba.233

Brewer, A.T., Strickland-Cohen, K., Dotson, W., & Williams, D.C. (2014).  Advance notice for transition-related problem behavior: Practice guidelines.  Behavior Analysis in Practice, 7, 117-125.  doi:10.1007/s40617-014-0014-3

If you're interested in ordering CEs for listening to this episode, click here to go to the store page. You'll need to enter your name, BCBA #, and the two episode secret code words to complete the purchase. Email us at abainsidetrack@gmail.com for further assistance.

Episode 1 - Infant Behavior

For our inaugural episode, Rob, Diana, and Jackie talk about research regarding infants including the impact of crying on caregiver behavior and the use of high-preference items to increase infant compliance.  

Articles reviewed include:

Kadey, H. J., & Roane, H. S. (2012). Effects of access to a stimulating object on infant behavior during tummy time.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 45(2), 395–399. 

Thompson, R. H., Bruzek, J. L., & Cotnoir-Bichelman, N. M. (2011).  The role of negative reinforcement in infant caregiving: An experimental simulation.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 44(2), 295-304.

If you're interested in ordering CEs for listening to this episode, click here to go to the store page.  You'll need to enter your name, BCBA #, and the two episode secret code words to complete the purchase.  Email us at abainsidetrack@gmail.com for further assistance.