Episode 86 - Behavioral Momentum w/ Dr. Bill Ahearn, Dr. Diana Parry-Cruwys, and Dr. Jackie MacDonald

This week, we welcome returning guest, Dr. Bill Ahearn, to share in the “Gonna Be May” fun to discuss research related to behavioral momentum. And, in a behavior analytic podcast first, we discuss research with not one, not two, but three article authors! Remember, listeners, don’t be scared of the behavioral momentum metaphor: Dr. Ahearn has faith in your abilities to understand it.

Articles discussed this episode:

MacDonald, J.M., Ahearn, W.H., Parry-Cruwys, D., Bancroft, S., & Dube, W.V.  (2013). Persistence during extinction: Examining the effects of continuous and intermittent reinforcement on problem behavior.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 46, 333-338.  doi: 10.1002/jaba.3  

Parry-Cruwys, D.E., Neal, C.M., Ahearn, W.H., Wheeler, E.E., Premchander, R., Loeb, M.B., & Dube, W.V. (2011). Resistance to disruption in a classroom setting. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 44, 363-367.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.2011.44-363

Ahearn, W.H., Clark, K.M., Gardenier, N.C., Chung, B.I., & Dube, W.V. (2003). Persistence of stereotypic behavior: Examining the effects of external reinforcers. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 36, 439-448. doi: 10.1901/jaba.2003.36-439

Nevin, J.A., Mandell, C., & Atak, J.R.  (1983). The analysis of behavioral momentum.  Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 39, 49-59.  doi: 10.1901/jeab.1983.39-49  

Nevin, J.A.  (1996). The momentum of compliance.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 29, 535-547.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.1996.29-535

If you're interested in ordering CEs for listening to this episode, click here to go to the store page. You'll need to enter your name, BCBA #, and the two episode secret code words to complete the purchase. Email us at abainsidetrack@gmail.com for further assistance.

May 2019 Preview

It’s gonna be MAAAAY! Technically, it’s May right now. And, in honor of May, all our episodes will be about ME! Well, about Diana and Jackie, to be exact. This month, we’ll be discussing research articles actually written by our dynamic doctor duo . There’s even an article that they wrote together. Plus, we finally dish out the answer to the question you’ve all been asking: What’s the difference between behavioral momentum and the high-p/low-p sequence? I mean, you might not be asking it overtly, but it’s at least a commonly occurring private event.

NOTE: Sorry about our busted audio this month. It was either use the poor quality back-up or a loud buzzing sound every 5 seconds. We’ll be back to normal next week.

Articles for May 2019

EIBI

MacDonald, R., Parry-Cruwys, D., Dupere, S., & Ahearn, W.  (2014). Assessing progress and outcome of early intensive behavioral intervention for toddlers with autism.  Research in Developmental Disabilities, 35, 3632-3644.  doi: 10.1016/j.ridd.2014.08.036

Schreiman, L., Dawson, G., Stahmer, A.C., Landa, R., Rogers, S.J., McGee, G.G., Kasari, C., Ingersoll, B., Kaiser, A.P., Brinsma, Y., McNerney, E., Wetherby, A., & Halladay, A.  (2015). Naturalistic developmental behavioral interventions: Empirically validated treatments for autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 45, 2411-2428.  doi: 10.1007/s10803-015-2407-8

Howard, J.S., Sparkman, C.R., Cohen, H.G., Green, G., & Stanislaw, H.  (2005). A comparison of intensive behavior analytic and eclectic treatments for young children with autism.  Research in Developmental Disabilities, 26, 359-383.  doi: 10.1016/j.ridd.2004.09.005

Observational Learning

MacDonald, J. & Ahearn, W.H.  (2015). Teaching observational learning to children with autism.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 48, 800-816.  doi:  10.1002/jaba.257

DeQuinzio, J.A. & Taylor, B.A.  (2015). Teaching children with autism to discriminate the reinforced and nonreinforced responses of others:  Implications for observational learning. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 48, 38-51.  doi: 10.1002/jaba.192

Townley-Cochran, D., Leaf, J.B., Taubman, M., Leaf, R., & McEachin, J.  (2015). Observational learning for students diagnosed with autism: A review paper.  Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2, 262-272.  doi: 10.1007/s40489-015-0050-0


Behavioral Momentum

MacDonald, J.M., Ahearn, W.H., Parry-Cruwys, D., Bancroft, S., & Dube, W.V.  (2013). Persistence during extinction: Examining the effects of continuous and intermittent reinforcement on problem behavior.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 46, 333-338.  doi: 10.1002/jaba.3  

Parry-Cruwys, D.E., Neal, C.M., Ahearn, W.H., Wheeler, E.E., Premchander, R., Loeb, M.B., & Dube, W.V.  (2011). Resistance to disruption in a classroom setting. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 44, 363-367.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.2011.44-363

Nevin, J.A., Mandell, C., & Atak, J.R.  (1983). The analysis of behavioral momentum.  Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 39, 49-59.  doi: 10.1901/jeab.1983.39-49  

Nevin, J.A.  (1996). The momentum of compliance.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 29, 535-547.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.1996.29-535

High-P/Low-P Sequence

Mace, F.C., Hock, M.L., Lalli, J.S., West, B.J., Belfiore, P., Pinter, E., & Brown, D.K.  (1988). Behavioral momentum in the treatment of noncompliance. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 21, 123-141.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.1988.21-123

Normand, M.P., Kestner, K., & Jessel, J.  (2010). An analysis of stimuli that influence compliance during the high-probability instruction sequence.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 43, 735-738.  doi; 10.1901/jaba.2010.43-735

Lipschultz, J. & Wilder, D.A.  (2017). Recent research on the high-probability instructional sequence: A brief review.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 50, 424-428.  doi: 10.1002/jaba.378

Zuluaga, C.A. & Normand, M.P.  (2008). An evaluation of the high-probability instruction sequence with and without programmed reinforcement for compliance with high-probability instructions.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 41, 453-457.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.2008.41-453

Nevin, J.A.  (1996). The momentum of compliance.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 29, 535-547.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.1996.29-535

Bonus Episode 11 - BABAT Special 2018

When crisp fall air strikes, you know that the BABAT conference is about to get underway. This year, we celebrate New England’s coolest conference for behavior analysts by talking with some of the students featured at the evening poster session. Then, to honor the last BABAT held at scenic UMass Amherst, we gather some dear friends around two pounds of chicken wings to reminisce on some of our favorite memories.

Student Posters Discussed:

A Descriptive Assessment of Activity-Based Variation in Pre-School Children. NICOLE LENARES, Joseph Dracobly, Tayler Shea, Ashley Williams, Morgan Winship, and Sydney Spencer (Eastern Connecticut State University).

A Parametric Analysis of Inter-Trial Intervals on Establishing Functional Communication. KENDRA GUINNESS and Kevin Schlichenmeyer (The Autism Community Therapists).

Extending Functional Analysis Session Length to Yield Menainingful Outcomes. CURTIA HUMBERT, Matt Decho, Victoria Cimino, and David Kuhn (Milestones Behavioral Services).

Evaluation of Systematically Fading Protective Equipment to Decrease Problem Behavior and Increase Academic Skills. KRISTINA HARTY, Lauren Carter, and Silva Orchanian (Melmark New England).

Treatment of Stereotypy: Differential Reinforcement Schedules and Reinforcer Delivery Rate. FINLEY CRUGER, ANGELICA SEDANO, Eileen Roscoe, and Chelsea Hedquist (New England Center for Children).

Teaching Children to Implement Response Interruption Redirection to Reduce Siblings’ Stereotypy. KAITLYN MILES and Jacquelyn MacDonald (Regis College).

Teaching Abduction Prevention Skills to Children. TAYLOR JOHNS and Jacquelyn MacDonald (Regis College).

Assessment and Treatment of Trichotillomania: Are Competing Items Effective When Treating Multiply Controlled Behavior? KARA MACLEAN and G. Tracey Toran (New England Center for Children).

Episode 12 - Research Grab Bag

This week we take out three articles from our research grab bag, three articles related only by our enjoyment of the subject matter.  Diana teaches us all the merits of good yoga poses, Rob chides everyone for all of their filler responses, and Jackie uses bark collars to keep the hosts behaving.  Plus, Rob breaks our brand new mixer and we all reiterate Skinner's proposition that applied behavior analysis is the cat's pajamas.  That "cat's pajamas" part might be a paraphrase.  

Articles discussed this episode:

Protopopova, A., Kisten, D., & Wynne, C.  (2016).  Evaluating a humane alternative to the bark collar: Automated differential reinforcement of not barking in a home-alone setting.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 49, 1-10.  doi:10.1002/jaba.334

Mancuso, C. & Miltenberger, R.G.  (2016).  Using habit reversal to decrease filled pauses in public speaking.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 49, 188-192.  doi:  10.1002/jaba.267

Gruber, D.J. & Poulson, C.L.  (2016).  Graduated guidance delivered by parents to teach yoga to children with developmental delays.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 49, 193-198.  doi: 10.1002/jaba.260

If you're interested in ordering CEs for listening to this episode, click here to go to the store page. You'll need to enter your name, BCBA #, and the two episode secret code words to complete the purchase. Email us at abainsidetrack@gmail.com for further assistance.