(REBROADCAST) Episode 34 - Preschool Life Skills

To get ready for this week’s all-new episode all about Preschool Life Skills (PLS), here’s our original review of the PLS research in podcast form. Reacquaint yourself with the basics or learn about them for the first time. Then join us and special guest, Dr. Einar Ingvarsson, on Wednesday to discuss PLS: The Next Generation!

Love learning about classroom management strategies but wonder what's available for the junior set? Wonder no more as we review the Preschool Life Skills.  Gaze in wonder at the power of name calling...or is that calling a name? Faint in shock at a variety of evocative situations.  And flee in terror from attention-grabbing FCR! Remember, the children are our future; teach them appropriate means of accessing reinforcement and let them lead the way.

Articles discussed this episode:

Hanley, G.P., Heal, N.A., Tiger, J.H., & Ingvarsson, E.T.  (2007).  Evaluation of a classwide teaching program for developing preschool life skills.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 40, 277-300.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.2007-57-06

Beaulieu, L., Hanley, G.P., & Roberson, A.A.  (2012).  Effects of responding to a name and group call on preschoolers' compliance.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 45, 685-707.  doi: 10.1901/jaa.2012.45-685

Luczynski, K.C. & Hanley, G.P.  (2013).  Prevention of problem behavior by teaching functional communication and self-control skills to preschoolers.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 46, 355-368.  doi: 10.1002/jaba.44

If you're interested in ordering CEs for listening to this episode, click here to go to the store page. You'll need to enter your name, BCBA #, and the two episode secret code words to complete the purchase. Email us at abainsidetrack@gmail.com for further assistance.

Episode 86 - Behavioral Momentum w/ Dr. Bill Ahearn, Dr. Diana Parry-Cruwys, and Dr. Jackie MacDonald

This week, we welcome returning guest, Dr. Bill Ahearn, to share in the “Gonna Be May” fun to discuss research related to behavioral momentum. And, in a behavior analytic podcast first, we discuss research with not one, not two, but three article authors! Remember, listeners, don’t be scared of the behavioral momentum metaphor: Dr. Ahearn has faith in your abilities to understand it.

Articles discussed this episode:

MacDonald, J.M., Ahearn, W.H., Parry-Cruwys, D., Bancroft, S., & Dube, W.V.  (2013). Persistence during extinction: Examining the effects of continuous and intermittent reinforcement on problem behavior.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 46, 333-338.  doi: 10.1002/jaba.3  

Parry-Cruwys, D.E., Neal, C.M., Ahearn, W.H., Wheeler, E.E., Premchander, R., Loeb, M.B., & Dube, W.V. (2011). Resistance to disruption in a classroom setting. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 44, 363-367.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.2011.44-363

Ahearn, W.H., Clark, K.M., Gardenier, N.C., Chung, B.I., & Dube, W.V. (2003). Persistence of stereotypic behavior: Examining the effects of external reinforcers. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 36, 439-448. doi: 10.1901/jaba.2003.36-439

Nevin, J.A., Mandell, C., & Atak, J.R.  (1983). The analysis of behavioral momentum.  Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 39, 49-59.  doi: 10.1901/jeab.1983.39-49  

Nevin, J.A.  (1996). The momentum of compliance.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 29, 535-547.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.1996.29-535

If you're interested in ordering CEs for listening to this episode, click here to go to the store page. You'll need to enter your name, BCBA #, and the two episode secret code words to complete the purchase. Email us at abainsidetrack@gmail.com for further assistance.

May 2019 Preview

It’s gonna be MAAAAY! Technically, it’s May right now. And, in honor of May, all our episodes will be about ME! Well, about Diana and Jackie, to be exact. This month, we’ll be discussing research articles actually written by our dynamic doctor duo . There’s even an article that they wrote together. Plus, we finally dish out the answer to the question you’ve all been asking: What’s the difference between behavioral momentum and the high-p/low-p sequence? I mean, you might not be asking it overtly, but it’s at least a commonly occurring private event.

NOTE: Sorry about our busted audio this month. It was either use the poor quality back-up or a loud buzzing sound every 5 seconds. We’ll be back to normal next week.

Articles for May 2019

EIBI

MacDonald, R., Parry-Cruwys, D., Dupere, S., & Ahearn, W.  (2014). Assessing progress and outcome of early intensive behavioral intervention for toddlers with autism.  Research in Developmental Disabilities, 35, 3632-3644.  doi: 10.1016/j.ridd.2014.08.036

Schreiman, L., Dawson, G., Stahmer, A.C., Landa, R., Rogers, S.J., McGee, G.G., Kasari, C., Ingersoll, B., Kaiser, A.P., Brinsma, Y., McNerney, E., Wetherby, A., & Halladay, A.  (2015). Naturalistic developmental behavioral interventions: Empirically validated treatments for autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 45, 2411-2428.  doi: 10.1007/s10803-015-2407-8

Howard, J.S., Sparkman, C.R., Cohen, H.G., Green, G., & Stanislaw, H.  (2005). A comparison of intensive behavior analytic and eclectic treatments for young children with autism.  Research in Developmental Disabilities, 26, 359-383.  doi: 10.1016/j.ridd.2004.09.005

Observational Learning

MacDonald, J. & Ahearn, W.H.  (2015). Teaching observational learning to children with autism.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 48, 800-816.  doi:  10.1002/jaba.257

DeQuinzio, J.A. & Taylor, B.A.  (2015). Teaching children with autism to discriminate the reinforced and nonreinforced responses of others:  Implications for observational learning. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 48, 38-51.  doi: 10.1002/jaba.192

Townley-Cochran, D., Leaf, J.B., Taubman, M., Leaf, R., & McEachin, J.  (2015). Observational learning for students diagnosed with autism: A review paper.  Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2, 262-272.  doi: 10.1007/s40489-015-0050-0


Behavioral Momentum

MacDonald, J.M., Ahearn, W.H., Parry-Cruwys, D., Bancroft, S., & Dube, W.V.  (2013). Persistence during extinction: Examining the effects of continuous and intermittent reinforcement on problem behavior.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 46, 333-338.  doi: 10.1002/jaba.3  

Parry-Cruwys, D.E., Neal, C.M., Ahearn, W.H., Wheeler, E.E., Premchander, R., Loeb, M.B., & Dube, W.V.  (2011). Resistance to disruption in a classroom setting. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 44, 363-367.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.2011.44-363

Nevin, J.A., Mandell, C., & Atak, J.R.  (1983). The analysis of behavioral momentum.  Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 39, 49-59.  doi: 10.1901/jeab.1983.39-49  

Nevin, J.A.  (1996). The momentum of compliance.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 29, 535-547.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.1996.29-535

High-P/Low-P Sequence

Mace, F.C., Hock, M.L., Lalli, J.S., West, B.J., Belfiore, P., Pinter, E., & Brown, D.K.  (1988). Behavioral momentum in the treatment of noncompliance. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 21, 123-141.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.1988.21-123

Normand, M.P., Kestner, K., & Jessel, J.  (2010). An analysis of stimuli that influence compliance during the high-probability instruction sequence.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 43, 735-738.  doi; 10.1901/jaba.2010.43-735

Lipschultz, J. & Wilder, D.A.  (2017). Recent research on the high-probability instructional sequence: A brief review.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 50, 424-428.  doi: 10.1002/jaba.378

Zuluaga, C.A. & Normand, M.P.  (2008). An evaluation of the high-probability instruction sequence with and without programmed reinforcement for compliance with high-probability instructions.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 41, 453-457.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.2008.41-453

Nevin, J.A.  (1996). The momentum of compliance.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 29, 535-547.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.1996.29-535

Bonus Episode 11 - BABAT Special 2018

When crisp fall air strikes, you know that the BABAT conference is about to get underway. This year, we celebrate New England’s coolest conference for behavior analysts by talking with some of the students featured at the evening poster session. Then, to honor the last BABAT held at scenic UMass Amherst, we gather some dear friends around two pounds of chicken wings to reminisce on some of our favorite memories.

Student Posters Discussed:

A Descriptive Assessment of Activity-Based Variation in Pre-School Children. NICOLE LENARES, Joseph Dracobly, Tayler Shea, Ashley Williams, Morgan Winship, and Sydney Spencer (Eastern Connecticut State University).

A Parametric Analysis of Inter-Trial Intervals on Establishing Functional Communication. KENDRA GUINNESS and Kevin Schlichenmeyer (The Autism Community Therapists).

Extending Functional Analysis Session Length to Yield Menainingful Outcomes. CURTIA HUMBERT, Matt Decho, Victoria Cimino, and David Kuhn (Milestones Behavioral Services).

Evaluation of Systematically Fading Protective Equipment to Decrease Problem Behavior and Increase Academic Skills. KRISTINA HARTY, Lauren Carter, and Silva Orchanian (Melmark New England).

Treatment of Stereotypy: Differential Reinforcement Schedules and Reinforcer Delivery Rate. FINLEY CRUGER, ANGELICA SEDANO, Eileen Roscoe, and Chelsea Hedquist (New England Center for Children).

Teaching Children to Implement Response Interruption Redirection to Reduce Siblings’ Stereotypy. KAITLYN MILES and Jacquelyn MacDonald (Regis College).

Teaching Abduction Prevention Skills to Children. TAYLOR JOHNS and Jacquelyn MacDonald (Regis College).

Assessment and Treatment of Trichotillomania: Are Competing Items Effective When Treating Multiply Controlled Behavior? KARA MACLEAN and G. Tracey Toran (New England Center for Children).

Episode 35 - Response Interruption and Redirection w/ Dr. Bill Ahearn

This week we're joined by special guest, Dr. Bill Ahearn, to discuss response interruption and redirection (RIRD).  We discuss the fascinating history of how this popular treatment for vocal stereotypy came to be, the ins and outs of implementing the treatment, when to use it, and, more importantly, when NOT to use it.  Plus, some helpful troubleshooting tips for practitioners and why you shouldn't pronounce it "rrrrird".

Articles discussed this episode:

Ahearn, W.H., Clark, K.M., MacDonald, R.P.F., & Chung, B.I.  (2007).  Assessing and treating vocal stereotypy in children with autism.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 40, 263-275.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.2007.30-06

Colon, C.L., Ahearn, W.H., Clark, K.M., & Masalsky, J.  (2012).  The effects of verbal operant training and response interruption and redirection on appropriate and inappropriate vocalizations.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 45, 107-120.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.2012.45-107

Colon, C.L. & Ahearn, W.H.  (in prep).  An analysis of treatment integrity of response interruption and redirection.

If you're interested in ordering CEs for listening to this episode, click here to go to the store page. You'll need to enter your name, BCBA #, and the two episode secret code words to complete the purchase. Email us at abainsidetrack@gmail.com for further assistance.

Episode 34 - Preschool Life Skills

Love learning about classroom management strategies but wonder what's available for the junior set? Wonder no more as we review the Preschool Life Skills.  Gaze in wonder at the power of name calling...or is that calling a name? Faint in shock at a variety of evocative situations.  And flee in terror from attention-grabbing FCR! Remember, the children are our future; teach them appropriate means of accessing reinforcement and let them lead the way.

Articles discussed this episode:

Hanley, G.P., Heal, N.A., Tiger, J.H., & Ingvarsson, E.T.  (2007).  Evaluation of a classwide teaching program for developing preschool life skills.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 40, 277-300.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.2007-57-06

Beaulieu, L., Hanley, G.P., & Roberson, A.A.  (2012).  Effects of responding to a name and group call on preschoolers' compliance.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 45, 685-707.  doi: 10.1901/jaa.2012.45-685

Luczynski, K.C. & Hanley, G.P.  (2013).  Prevention of problem behavior by teaching functional communication and self-control skills to preschoolers.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 46, 355-368.  doi: 10.1002/jaba.44

If you're interested in ordering CEs for listening to this episode, click here to go to the store page. You'll need to enter your name, BCBA #, and the two episode secret code words to complete the purchase. Email us at abainsidetrack@gmail.com for further assistance.

Episode 34 Preview

Following up from our last episode on classroom management, it's preschool life skills.  Think about it like the junior version of techniques for maintaining a productive classroom.  And, surprise! Young children won't just "run out" of inappropriate behavior or magically learn how to follow classroom rules.  And while you're prepping for next week's full-length episode, enjoy some excellent listener posts from the ABA Inside Track Facebook page and a rant about Cars 3.  

Articles for next week:

Hanley, G.P., Heal, N.A., Tiger, J.H., & Ingvarsson, E.T.  (2007).  Evaluation of a classwide teaching program for developing preschool life skills.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 40, 277-300.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.2007-57-06

Beaulieu, L., Hanley, G.P., & Roberson, A.A.  (2012).  Effects of responding to a name and group call on preschoolers' compliance.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 45, 685-707.  doi: 10.1901/jaa.2012.45-685

Luczynski, K.C. & Hanley, G.P.  (2013).  Prevention of problem behavior by teaching functional communication and self-control skills to preschoolers.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 46, 355-368.  doi: 10.1002/jaba.44

Episode 9 Preview

What does it mean when we talk about choice? We know choosing in life is important, but just how important? And how does choice factor into working with individuals with disabilities? Next week, special guest Dr. Allen Karsina joins us to share his research and insight onto the subject.  In the meantime your regular hosts get nostalgic about all the psych experiments they were subjected to as undergrads.

And for anyone applying for CEs, we've created a new button so you can put your info right in on the webpage.  If you still don't see the "CEU Required Information" portion anywhere, just email us with the info.

Articles for next week:

Karsina, A., Thompson, R.H., & Rodriguez, N.M.  (2011).  Effects of a history of differential reinforcement on preference for choice.  Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 95, 189-202. doi:10.1901/jeab.2011.95-189

Fisher, W.W., Thompson, R.H., Piazza, C.C., Crosland, K., & Gotjen, D.  (1997).  On the relative reinforcing effects of choice and differential consequences.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 30, 423-438.  doi:10.1901/jaba.197.30-423 

Tiger, J.H., Hanley, G.P., & Hernandez, E.  (2006).  An evaluation of the value of choice with preschool children.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 39, 1-16.  doi:10.1901/jaba.2006.158-04