Episode 90 - Social Validity

We behavior analysts work hard, right? We effect behavior change for our clients and feel pretty darn good about our efforts. But what happens if our clients don’t actually like anything we’ve done? This week we’re talking all about social validity, how to make sure we’re paying attention to it, and why some BCBAs might be a bit wary about it.

Articles discussed this episode:

Wolf, M.M. (1978). Social validity: The case for subjective measurement or how applied behavior analysis is finding it’s heart. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 11, 203-214. doi: 10.1901/jaba.1978.11-203

Carr, J.E., Austin, J.L., Britton, L.N., Kellum, K.K., & Bailey, J.S. (1999). An assessment of social validity trends in applied behavior analysis. Behavioral Interventions, 14, 223-231. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1099-078X(199910/12)14:4<223::AID-BIN37>3.0.CO;2-Y

Hanley, G.P., Piazza, C.C., Fisher, W.W., & Maglieri, K.A. (2005). On the effectiveness of and preference for punishment and extinction components of function-based interventions. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 38, 51-65. doi: 10.1901/jaba.2005.6-04

Gabor, A.M., Fritz, J.N., Roath, C.T., Rothe, B.R., Gourley, D.A. (2016). Caregiver preference for reinforcement-based interventions for problem behavior maintained by positive reinforcement. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 49, 215-227. doi: 10.1002/jaba.286

If you're interested in ordering CEs for listening to this episode, click here to go to the store page. You'll need to enter your name, BCBA #, and the two episode secret code words to complete the purchase. Email us at abainsidetrack@gmail.com for further assistance.

July 2019 Preview

Summer may be heating up, but ABA Inside Track is staying cool with a remote guest from Iceland and our third annual book club (which we’ll pretend was recorded on a beach). This month, we discuss social validity, virtual reality training with special guests Dr. Berglind Sveinbjornsdottir and Dr. Casey Clay, and how coercive practices may be synonymous with nuclear war. All that and listener emails and our typical preview episode nonsense.

Articles for July 2019

Social Validity

Wolf, M.M. (1978). Social validity: The case for subjective measurement or how applied behavior analysis is finding it’s heart. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 11, 203-214. doi: 10.1901/jaba.1978.11-203

Carr, J.E., Austin, J.L., Britton, L.N., Kellum, K.K., & Bailey, J.S. (1999). An assessment of social validity trends in applied behavior analysis. Behavioral Interventions, 14, 223-231. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1099-078X(199910/12)14:4<223::AID-BIN37>3.0.CO;2-Y

Hanley, G.P., Piazza, C.C., Fisher, W.W., & Maglieri, K.A. (2005). On the effectiveness of and preference for punishment and extinction components of function-based interventions. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 38, 51-65. doi: 10.1901/jaba.2005.6-04

Gabor, A.M., Fritz, J.N., Roath, C.T., Rothe, B.R., Gourley, D.A. (2016). Caregiver preference for reinforcement-based interventions for problem behavior maintained by positive reinforcement. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 49, 215-227. doi: 10.1002/jaba.286

Virtual Reality Training w/ Dr. Berglind Sveinbjornsdottir + Dr. Casey Clay

Sveinbjornsdottir, B., Johannsson, S.H., Oddsdottir, J., Sigurdardottir, T.P., Valdimarsson, G.I., & Vilhajalmsson, H.H. (2019). Virtual discrete trial training for teacher trainees. Journal on Multimodal User Interfaces, 13, 31-40. doi: 10.1007/s12193-018-0288-9

Garland, K.V., Vasquez, E., & Pearl, C. (2012). Efficacy of individualized clinical coaching in a virtual reality classroom for increasing teachers’ fidelity of implementation of discrete trial teaching. Education and Training in Autism and Developmental Disabilities, 47, 502-515.

Coercion and It’s Fallout Book Club

Sidman, M. (1989). Coercion and it’s fallout. Boston, MA: Authors Cooperative, Inc.

Episode 89 - Next-Level Chaining w/ Dr. Stacie Bancroft

Everybody loves the idea of teaching complex behaviors. Everybody loves teaching new skills efficiently. Is it always possible to do both? Dr. Stacie Bancroft joins us to explain how these two great goals can go great together. This ain’t your parents’ chaining procedure.

Articles discussed this episode:

Bancroft, S.L., Weiss, J.S., Libby, M.E., & Ahearn, W.H. (2011). A comparison of procedural variations in teaching behavior chains: Manual guidance, trainer completion, and no completion of untrained steps. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 44, 559-569. doi: 10.1901/jaba.2011.44-559

Slocum, S.K. & Tiger, J.H. (2011). An assessment of the efficiency of and child preference for forward and backward chaining. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 44, 793-805. doi: 10.1901/jaba.2011.44-793

Lambert, J.M., Copeland, B.A., Karp, E.L., Finley, C.I., .Houchins-Juarez, N.J., & Ledford, J.R. (2016). Chaining functional basketball sequences (with embedded conditional discriminations) in an adolescent with autism. Behavior Analysis in Practice, 9, 199-210. doi: 10.1007/s40617-016-0125-0

If you're interested in ordering CEs for listening to this episode, click here to go to the store page. You'll need to enter your name, BCBA #, and the two episode secret code words to complete the purchase. Email us at abainsidetrack@gmail.com for further assistance.

June 2019 Preview

Starting summer off right with journal articles! This month we get back into a discussion of ethical dilemmas with the use of telehealth and telemedicine before inviting Dr. Stacie Bancroft to share some advance chaining variations. Finally, while we all enjoy some time off, a look back into the archives with our classic episode on research related to virtual reality. Bonus: Rob’s award-winning writings are only marginally embarrassing to hear about.

Articles for June 2019

Episode 88 - Ethics of Telehealth

Peterson, S.M., Woodward, J., Crane, J,, & Garner, M. (2009). Teleconsultaiton in school settings: Linking classroom teachers and behavior analysts through web-based technology. Behavior Analysis in Practice,, 2, 32-39. doi: 10.1007/BF03391746

Machalicek, W., Lequia, J., Pinkelman, S., Knowles, C., Raulston, T., Davis, T., & Alresheed, F. (2016). Behavioral teleheatlh consultation with families of children with autism spectrum disorder. Behavioral Interventions, 31, 223-250. doi: 10.1002/bin.1450

Kaplan, B. & Litewka, S. (2008). Ethical challenges of telemedicine and telehealth. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics, 17, 401-416. doi: 10.1017/S0963180108080535

Hall, J.L. & McGraw, D. (2014). For telehealth to succeed, privacy and security risks must be identified and addressed. Health Affairs, 33, 216-221. doi: 10.1377/hlthaff.2013.0997

Episode 89 - Next-Level Chaining w/ Dr. Stacie Bancroft

Bancroft, S.L., Weiss, J.S., Libby, M.E., & Ahearn, W.H. (2011). A comparison of procedural variations in teaching behavior chains: Manual guidance, trainer completion, and no completion of untrained steps. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 44, 559-569. doi: 10.1901/jaba.2011.44-559

Slocum, S.K. & Tiger, J.H. (2011). An assessment of the efficiency of and child preference for forward and backward chaining. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 44, 793-805. doi: 10.1901/jaba.2011.44-793

Lambert, J.M., Copeland, B.A., Karp, E.L., Finley, C.I., .Houchins-Juarez, N.J., & Ledford, J.R. (2016). Chaining functional basketball sequences (with embedded conditional discriminations) in an adolescent with autism. Behavior Analysis in Practice, 9, 199-210. doi: 10.1007/s40617-016-0125-0

(REBROADCAST) Episode 25 - Virtual Reality

Bouchard, S., Cote, S., St-Jacques, J., Robillard, G., & Renaud, P.   (2006).  Effectiveness of virtual reality exposure in the treatment of arachnophobia using 3D games.  Technology and Health Care, 14, 19-27.  

Padgett, L.S., Strickland, D., & Coles, C.D.  (2006).  Case study: Using a virtual reality computer game to teach fire safety skills to children diagnosed with fetal alcohol syndrome.  Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 31, 65-70.  doi: 10.1093/jpepsy/jsj030

Morina, N., Ijntema, H., Meyerbroker, K., & Emmelkamp, P.M.G.  (2015).  Can virtual reality exposure therapy gains be generalized to real-life? A meta-analysis of studies applying behavioral assessments.  Behaviour Research and Therapy, 74.  18-24.  doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2015.08.010

Episode 57 - Do Humans Prefer Contingencies?

This week we're researching the age-old question: Will I be happier by doing stuff or just waiting for the world to reward me? In behavioral terms, we're discussing whether humans prefer contingent or noncontingent reinforcement.  After going over two excellent research articles exploring this question through the use of the ever-popular concurrent-chains procedure, Jackie and Diana expose their crazy, right-wing politics to assess the U.S. welfare system while our favorite liberal progressive, Rob, watches in horror.

Articles discussed this episode:

Luczynksi, K.C. & Hanley, G.P.  (2009).  Do children prefer contingencies? An evaluation of the efficacy of and preference for contingent versus noncontingent social reinforcement during play.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 42, 511-525.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.2009.42-511

Hanley, G.P., Piazza, C.C., Fisher, W.W., Contrucci, S.A., & Maglieri, K.A.  (1997).  Evaluation of client preference for function-based treatment packages.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 30, 459-473.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.1997.30-459

If you're interested in ordering CEs for listening to this episode, click here to go to the store page. You'll need to enter your name, BCBA #, and the two episode secret code words to complete the purchase. Email us at abainsidetrack@gmail.com for further assistance.

Episode 57 Preview

You enter a hall full of all of your favorite things.  The old knight of the Crusade beckons you to him.  "Among you are the greatest delights known to humanity.  You may engage in whip-cracking tricks to earn them.  Or, I can give you one every now and again.  You must choose...but choose wisely."  And in that moment, you realize: you should have listened to that episode of ABA Inside Track about whether humans prefer contingencies.  Suddenly, you awaken in a cold sweat and look at the calendar.  "Oh, thank Skinner," you gasp.  "It's only the preview episode! There's still time to subscribe!" Then, with visions of Diana, Jackie, and Rob podcasting in your head, you slip off, back to dreamland. 

Articles for next episode:

Luczynksi, K.C. & Hanley, G.P.  (2009).  Do children prefer contingencies? An evaluation of the efficacy of and preference for contingent versus noncontingent social reinforcement during play.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 42, 511-525.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.2009.42-511

Hanley, G.P., Piazza, C.C., Fisher, W.W., Contrucci, S.A., & Maglieri, K.A.  (1997).  Evaluation of client preference for function-based treatment packages.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 30, 459-473.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.1997.30-459

Episode 9 Preview

What does it mean when we talk about choice? We know choosing in life is important, but just how important? And how does choice factor into working with individuals with disabilities? Next week, special guest Dr. Allen Karsina joins us to share his research and insight onto the subject.  In the meantime your regular hosts get nostalgic about all the psych experiments they were subjected to as undergrads.

And for anyone applying for CEs, we've created a new button so you can put your info right in on the webpage.  If you still don't see the "CEU Required Information" portion anywhere, just email us with the info.

Articles for next week:

Karsina, A., Thompson, R.H., & Rodriguez, N.M.  (2011).  Effects of a history of differential reinforcement on preference for choice.  Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 95, 189-202. doi:10.1901/jeab.2011.95-189

Fisher, W.W., Thompson, R.H., Piazza, C.C., Crosland, K., & Gotjen, D.  (1997).  On the relative reinforcing effects of choice and differential consequences.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 30, 423-438.  doi:10.1901/jaba.197.30-423 

Tiger, J.H., Hanley, G.P., & Hernandez, E.  (2006).  An evaluation of the value of choice with preschool children.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 39, 1-16.  doi:10.1901/jaba.2006.158-04