Episode 57 - Do Humans Prefer Contingencies?

This week we're researching the age-old question: Will I be happier by doing stuff or just waiting for the world to reward me? In behavioral terms, we're discussing whether humans prefer contingent or noncontingent reinforcement.  After going over two excellent research articles exploring this question through the use of the ever-popular concurrent-chains procedure, Jackie and Diana expose their crazy, right-wing politics to assess the U.S. welfare system while our favorite liberal progressive, Rob, watches in horror.

Articles discussed this episode:

Luczynksi, K.C. & Hanley, G.P.  (2009).  Do children prefer contingencies? An evaluation of the efficacy of and preference for contingent versus noncontingent social reinforcement during play.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 42, 511-525.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.2009.42-511

Hanley, G.P., Piazza, C.C., Fisher, W.W., Contrucci, S.A., & Maglieri, K.A.  (1997).  Evaluation of client preference for function-based treatment packages.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 30, 459-473.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.1997.30-459

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Episode 57 Preview

You enter a hall full of all of your favorite things.  The old knight of the Crusade beckons you to him.  "Among you are the greatest delights known to humanity.  You may engage in whip-cracking tricks to earn them.  Or, I can give you one every now and again.  You must choose...but choose wisely."  And in that moment, you realize: you should have listened to that episode of ABA Inside Track about whether humans prefer contingencies.  Suddenly, you awaken in a cold sweat and look at the calendar.  "Oh, thank Skinner," you gasp.  "It's only the preview episode! There's still time to subscribe!" Then, with visions of Diana, Jackie, and Rob podcasting in your head, you slip off, back to dreamland. 

Articles for next episode:

Luczynksi, K.C. & Hanley, G.P.  (2009).  Do children prefer contingencies? An evaluation of the efficacy of and preference for contingent versus noncontingent social reinforcement during play.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 42, 511-525.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.2009.42-511

Hanley, G.P., Piazza, C.C., Fisher, W.W., Contrucci, S.A., & Maglieri, K.A.  (1997).  Evaluation of client preference for function-based treatment packages.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 30, 459-473.  doi: 10.1901/jaba.1997.30-459

Episode 9 Preview

What does it mean when we talk about choice? We know choosing in life is important, but just how important? And how does choice factor into working with individuals with disabilities? Next week, special guest Dr. Allen Karsina joins us to share his research and insight onto the subject.  In the meantime your regular hosts get nostalgic about all the psych experiments they were subjected to as undergrads.

And for anyone applying for CEs, we've created a new button so you can put your info right in on the webpage.  If you still don't see the "CEU Required Information" portion anywhere, just email us with the info.

Articles for next week:

Karsina, A., Thompson, R.H., & Rodriguez, N.M.  (2011).  Effects of a history of differential reinforcement on preference for choice.  Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 95, 189-202. doi:10.1901/jeab.2011.95-189

Fisher, W.W., Thompson, R.H., Piazza, C.C., Crosland, K., & Gotjen, D.  (1997).  On the relative reinforcing effects of choice and differential consequences.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 30, 423-438.  doi:10.1901/jaba.197.30-423 

Tiger, J.H., Hanley, G.P., & Hernandez, E.  (2006).  An evaluation of the value of choice with preschool children.  Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 39, 1-16.  doi:10.1901/jaba.2006.158-04